No one is asking African Americans to join a “flat black” global struggle because African Americans have always been involved in that struggle, which is why I wrote a separate article about’s Africa’s influence on the civil rights movement. But the ADOS movement seems to be so stuck on this idea of legal distinctions and legal claims that the movement has lost sight of history. Most of the progress that African Americans made have been through defying and overturning America’s legal definitions. After all, slavery and Jim Crow were legal, and it was actually illegal to oppose those things. So you may think Pan-Africanism is strange, but to me it’s strange to frame any justice movement for African Americans on legality when historically the African American struggle has always been a “flat black” struggle and that flat blackness is what has helped to advance the African American cause.