Why Dictatorships are Un-African

Omar al-Bashir is the recently deposed Sudanese leader who was in power from 1989 until this year

In the last chapter of Kingdoms and Civilizations of Africa I pointed out that there was a system of checks and balances in place in African societies which limited the powers of rulers and protected the people from abuse. Colonialism dismantled many political institutions in Africa and often what happened is that newly independent African nations inherited the oppressive institutions which were left behind by the colonizers…